Category Archive: Process piping

Choosing the Right Materials and Types of Pipes and Valves

Reliable piping and valve systems start with great materials. One of the most important elements of a safe and easily-maintained system is the composition of metals. By selecting the appropriate metal – whether steel, copper, Stainless Steel, PVC, CPVC, and aluminum – fluids within the system stay contained and the system itself works more efficiently. When you are seeking pipe or valve system materials, keep the following considerations and factors in mind.

Pipe Material Selection

Pipe exteriors must be able to withstand demanding surrounding conditions, such as high and ambient temperatures, different levels of humidity, and some degree of wear. Due to these conditions, it is essential to consider the type of fluid contained within the system, the internal temperatures, and the internal pressure.

Type of Fluid

Corrosive fluids can quickly wear down a steel system. Instead, it may be more advantageous to use resilient metals such as stainless steel or CPVC. While carbon steel can handle common non-corrosive fluid loop materials, such as nitrogen or lube oil, opt for corrosion-resistant systems when the fluids include:

  • Acids
  • Ammonia
  • Crude oil
  • H2S
  • Seawater

Internal Temperature

Heightened temperatures can create a buildup of energy and pressure within the system, agitating the fluid within. Extreme temperatures also impact the elongation, resistance, and tensile strength of the metal pipes. This applies to both high and low temperature systems involved in refrigeration and cryogenics.

Internal Pressure

If pipes must sustain high temperatures or high levels of pressure, they must in turn be thicker to reduce the risk of leaks and damage. Varying levels of pressure can also impact the pipes’ elasticity, fatigue resistance, and overall strength. These characteristics need to remain stable, especially at connection points and valve fittings.

While certain pipe systems can also be fabricated with nonmetal materials such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), the most common metal materials are:

  • Cast Iron. It is used in underground systems where variations in pressure and potential pipe blockages have less impactful effect. Many sewer and stormwater systems employ cast iron.
  • Copper. Copper is corrosion-resistant, lighter than steel, and has a relatively simple installation process. However, it comes at a higher cost, so it is usually applied towards domestic and hydronic systems.
  • Carbon Steel. Used in closed hydronic systems because it can handle high temperatures and pressure levels. However, carbon steel is heavy and corrodes easily when not properly treated.
  • Galvanized Steel. This type of steel is covered in a layer of zinc to give it the same advantages of regular steel, but with improved resistance to corrosion. Because of this, it tends to be priced higher than other materials. It is an ideal material for wetting and drying processes.
  • Stainless Steel. There are multiple varieties of stainless steel, each of which possesses steel’s characteristics and strong resistance to corrosion. Stainless steel pipes are usually constructed with 304 SS, which has 18% chromium and 8% nickel added during fabrication.

While some metals may be more expensive than others, their benefits often end up saving a lot of time and effort down the road, such as reducing downtime, repairs, and replacements caused by corrosion or breakage. Investing in a stronger, more damage-resistant material will set up your piping system for long-term success.

Valve Material Selection

As with pipes, choosing proper materials for valves keeps the system in better condition and extends its functional lifespan. Cost is certainly an important consideration when selecting these materials. Most industrial valves are constructed from the options below:

  • 316 Stainless Steel. Similarly to pipes constructed from 304 SS, 316 SS offers superior corrosion resistance. However, it is notably a pricier choice.
  • Brass or Bronze. Brass and bronze are lower-cost and decently corrosion resistant. They are commonly employed as valve materials, which means that they can be easily sourced and replaced when needed.
  • Ductile Iron. It can absorb shock in the system from varying pressure levels. It is also widely available and inexpensive. However, it is more vulnerable to corrosion.
  • Inconel. It is a great choice for withstanding hot, corrosive fluids. Its composition consists of chromium, iron, and sometimes nickel, with chromium having the highest percentage.
  • Monel. This alloy is made from copper and nickel. Like Inconel, it resists corrosion well. Many facilities prefer this material for valve trim cladding.

Valve Type Selection

As with pipes, choosing a fitting type of valve is essential to proper functionality and lifespan. There are many different kinds of valves, such as Ball, Butterfly, Check, Gate, Globe, Needle, Pinch, and Plug, each of which has various specs available. Selecting the correct type of valve really does make a big difference in the operation of the system.

Pipe and Valve Services at Base Construction

Carefully choosing your pipe or valve system’s materials makes all the difference in the maintenance demands and lifespan of the system. Using higher-quality and corrosion-resistant materials from the outset can reduce maintenance costs, facility downtime, and replacement costs.

We at Base Construction build on over 20 years of experience in pipe and valve installation and material selection for many kinds of facilities, and we have completed over 1,000 projects since our inception. Contact us today with details of your project, and we will help you choose the best materials for your needs.

National Manufacturing Day is Friday October 6th!

Here at Base Construction, we’re eager to support National Manufacturing Day and its initiatives. This year, the event takes place on October 6th at industrial locations across the country. National Manufacturing Day was started back in 2012 as a way to spread knowledge about modern-day manufacturing, end industry misconceptions, and banquet its successes.

Educators, students, public, businessmen, politicians, and the media alike are invited to various facilities countrywide in an effort to change the perceptions of manufacturing. Many still envision the field as factory floor work, but today technology, STEM, secure job placement, strong benefits, and contributions to a growing economy are at the forefront of the sector.

This year the number of attendees has grown to over 2,100. When Manufacturing Day first started that number was a mere 240. With initiatives like re-shoring, focusing on STEM education, and bridging the skills gap, National Manufacturing Day and the manufacturing industry will continue to grow and prosper.

After participating in National Manufacturing Day events, students are polled about their experience. Surveys reveal that 89% of students see potential future opportunities in the field. 84% become more convinced that manufacturing careers are not only rewarding but also interesting. And 64% are motivated to pursue a career in manufacturing fields. These numbers are telling, in that future generations only need to be shown the many possible career choices available in front of them.

Base Construction is a SoCal industrial contractor for all types of industrial projects. We do everything from process piping, concrete/foundations, structural steel fabrication & installation to turnkey projects, and mechanical equipment placement/installation.

To learn more about our company and services read our blog, follow us on Twitter, or connect with us on LinkedIn. To find out how we can help you with your next project, we invite you to contact us today.

Safety Series Part I: Safety Guard Standards

At Base Construction, we treat safety seriously, taking action to protect the well-being of all of those involved in industrial field projects. In hopes that our actions will motivate other industry members to follow suit, we are presenting a 3-part series on safety practices that our Southern California company implements.

Today we’re delving into the importance of safety guards for rotating equipment.

What are Safety Guards?

Guards are on-site safety protectors that shield those working with rotating equipment from potential hazards. The benefit is that they do so without compromising quality or efficiency of a working system. We use top-quality, well-designed guards meant for strength and durability for the best protection possible of our workers. Although choosing quality equipment does increase certain expenses, the end result is worth the cost. In our industry, we can’t put a price on coworker safety.

Types of Guards for Safety Standards

Guards are of two kinds, fixed or moveable. Tests are done to determine which part is suitable for an individual machine. A fixed guard isolates the worker from possible danger through a barrier. This keeps the user out of any potential hazard zones. If users need to moderately or occasionally access the hazard zone, moveable guards are the better choice. If zone access is more frequent, specialized safety devices are advisable.

Care and caution must be taken to position any/all types of guards far enough away from danger to eliminate any chance of someone entering the hazard zone. Another step is to ensure guards are secured by proper fasteners and only removable with specialized tools to prevent detachment without authorization.

Creating Safe Work Conditions

At Base Construction we train all employees to comply with the highest safety standards and adhere to our internal Injury and Illness Prevention Program. We also follow the standards set by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Cal/OSHA. The result is superior safety records at our facility.

Regulations You can Find at Base

  1. OSHA’s General Regulatory Guard Requirements * Found under 1910 Subpart O – Machinery and Machine Guarding
  2. ANSI’s B11 Machine Guarding Standards

On-Site Industrial Safety

Base Construction operates under the safety philosophy that a job is only done well when carried out safely, without accidents or narrowly avoided issues. We choose top-of-the-line guards for rotating equipment applications to protect workers on industrial projects that range from process piping to structural steel fabrication.

For unmatched industrial contractor services for any industry, contact us today. Also, be sure to follow our blog, Twitter, and LinkedIn to stay up to date on the latest industry developments. For more information on safety take a look at our June blog and keep an eye out for part II of our safety series.

Base Construction Supports Safety Beyond June

Base Construction gladly promotes National Safety Month this June. The National Safety Council (NSC) has been encouraging safety for years and celebrates National Safety Month each June by providing safety training, workplace training, first aid training, defensive driver training, and more. On average, more than 13 people die from injury or accident each day while at work. The goal of the NSC is to significantly reduce that number through effective training. The organization has been around for over 100 years, providing support to companies and communities throughout the United States.

The NSC has found out that when employees feel safe in their work there is greater morale, increased productivity, fewer injuries, and lower costs to the employer. When employees take time off of work due to injuries, it costs the company money. New problems arise including slower production times and the possibility of overtime to covering workers already taking on longer days. Companies also save money not paying the legal fees that they do when employees are hurt on the job. The NSC can also provide free safety measurement tools for companies that are interested in creating a safer workplace.

Our company has been in business for almost 20 years as an industrial contractor for all types of industrial projects. Located in Southern California, we do everything from process piping, concrete/foundations, structural steel fabrication & installation to turnkey projects, secondary services, and mechanical equipment placement/installation. We serve a wide range of industries including aerospace, chemical, insulation, recycling, food processing, metal forging, natural gas, co-gen, beer brewing, automotive, packaging,  and more. Moreover, we can perform industrial contracting for any type of industry. With our background and the variety of businesses we serve, you can see just how important it is for our team to be on top of our safety plans and procedures.

As a result, Base Construction takes safety seriously and believes that a job is only done right when there are no accidents. Base Construction has an unmatched safety record, and with over 4,000 jobs completed successfully, it’s a huge accomplishment. We also provide an Injury and Illness Prevention Program that keeps employees up to date on all safety issues. We stand proud to support National Safety Month, not only throughout June, but all year long.

To learn more about Base Construction, you can follow us on Twitter, connect with us on LinkedIn, read our blog, or contact us today to find out more about how we can help you safely with your industrial project.

Stay tuned for our upcoming safety series available to you soon!

Handicap Compliant Construction

Although the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990, buildings across the nation are still working to catch up with the required construction codes that make many physical sites user-friendly. Even though the civil rights movement had been going long before the passing of the ADA, few buildings already had accommodations in place. Because of this, buildings built prior to the new laws were anything but compliant with them. This important feature of a building enables those who need alternate accommodations to be able to access what most other people take for granted.

Many facilities, including industrial buildings, weren’t built for handicap access. Though modern buildings have addressed the Americans with Disabilities Act by incorporating accessibilities like low-rise sinks and wheelchair ramps, some older buildings are still out of compliance with the law.

For any buildings that aren’t yet compliant or need upgrades or more accessibility, spring and summer are the ideal times to work on these internal company issues. Whether your business needs work done on restrooms, offices, or exteriors, Base Construction can help to ensure your building is compliant with the law and offers those with handicaps the same access as everyone else. As an industry leader, our team understands the need for handicap access.

Here at Base, we serve a wide range of industries, including aerospace, electronics, industrial, chemical, food, pharmaceutical,  wastewater, natural gas, automotive, and more. Whether you’ve got a large industrial plant or a small office building, our experts can easily identify and correct any handicap access issue you might have. From installing handicap accessible sinks to providing wheelchair ramps, we have professionals ready to help you improve your building. We invite you to contact one of our experts to find out just how we can help you get your project done on time,  on budget, and within code standards.

To learn more about our company, missions, values, and the industry, we invite you to read our blog, follow us on Twitter, and connect with us on LinkedIn.

Underground Piping Helps Contribute to Earth Day

Here at Base Construction, we’re proud to work on any project that helps to improve our environment. Right now, we’re working with Nellson LLC, a company based out of Anaheim, CA that creates some of the best bar and powder nutrition products available on the market. We’re currently constructing an underground drain system for their industrial wastewater.

The system we’re constructing has been designed to collect all of their industrial wastewater into one central location where it can then be clarified, degreased and cleaned thru pumping and advanced treatment processes before it is disposed to a city wastewater treatment facility. Ultimately, this water is drained into city sewer systems. Disposing of wastewater correctly is important for our planet and the future of our environment and other ecosystems.  Treating industrial wastewater the right way before it gets to the city sewer system helps increase quality and quantity of reclaim water which could be used in many applications besides fresh city water.

Worldwide, every society needs clean water to live, and estimates show that by 2025, as much as two-thirds of people around the globe will be facing potential water shortages. Contributing to this are stressed ecosystems due to an exploding population in the last 50 years. In an effort to combat this alarming trend, companies can dispose of wastewater in the right way. There’s no better time for people to get involved than with Earth Day right around the corner on April 22nd.

Although seventy percent of the planet is covered with water, only a small fraction of that is freshwater. Finding new solutions, doing what we can now, and bringing awareness to the global water problem will all help to set our planet back on the right path. Our project with Nellson LLC was completed at the end of March, and we look forward to the next project that will help keep our planet going strong and providing much needed fresh water for everyone. Here at Base Construction, we contribute to industries like construction, industrial, green, and wastewater.

For more information or to connect with us, we invite you to read our blog, follow us on Twitter, or connect with us on LinkedIn.

For any further project questions contact us today!

Base Construction’s Contribution to the Aerospace Industry

At Base Construction, Inc. we have been in business for almost 20 years, working for a variety of industries, including aerospace. We take pride in what we do and offer our customers the highest in craftsmanship, safety, and quality.

Our team has helped more than 10 Aerospace companies on their Engineering and Construction needs for process piping projects. Our process piping capabilities cover everything from pipe installation, routing design and implementation, to pipe support design and installation. We offer everything from selection of valves (manual and control) to P&ID development and implementation to pipe testing. We also paint and label, insulate, and heat trace. Depending on the project specifications, we use a variety of materials, connection types, and valves.

And how do we connect to such great companies? Many of our connections to Aerospace clients link back to previous customers now working for those Aerospace companies. Knowing we are a reliable industrial contractor based on prior experience, our name was at the top of the list for industrial contractors to work with. We don’t take these recommendations lightly. At Base Construction, we believe our customer loyalty comes from not only our company’s capabilities, but our desire to deliver the highest level of workmanship and quality, our continued commitment to safety, and to our long list of successful projects.

We have worked with companies large and small, from Phillips 66 terminal in Los Angeles, CA to  GIULIANO’S BAKERY in Carson, CA, and many projects and companies in between. Our list of happy customers remains long, and we take pride in each and every job we do. Regardless of size, we do it to specifications and do it right the first time. To stay up to date in the industry and connected to Base Construction, don’t forget to follow our blog, Twitter, or LinkedIn.